Dyspepsia: The Basics and Causes

The angle of His is formed between the esophag...
(Photo credit: Wikipedia)


‘Dyspepsia’ is a vague term and contrary to popular belief, does not include only heartburn. Any feeling of abdominal discomfort, upper abdominal pain in the epigastric region or central chest, wind or fullness, often accompanied by nausea and belching, is dyspepsia. It is frequently observed after consumption o

f large meals. In the absence of other indicators of GI pathology, dyspepsia is not a serious condition and requires only symptomatic treatment and some counselling.How does dyspepsia occur?

Any condition that increases acidity in the stomach (which may be by breakdown of the protective mucosal layer over the stomach, relaxation of the lower oesophageal sphincter, increased production of acid in the stomach, etc), will result in dyspepsia.

Causes of Dyspesia (Apart from most gastrointestinal disorders), include:

  • Anxiety and stress,
  • Excessive eating
  • Improper chewing
  • Spicy and fatty foods or foods that have high fibre-content
  • NSAIDs

    Dyspepsia is commonly caused by NSAIDs (Photo credit : Wikipedia).
  • Alcohol
  • Smoking
  • Post-operative gastritis after GI or other surgeries (this disappears in a few weeks).
  • Diabetes
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • Thyroid disease
  • Renal Failure

(It is not completely understood why the last four also cause dyspepsia).


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