Inquire about the following when a patient presents to you with dyspepsia:
- Relationship to meals.
- Previous similar episodes.
- Aggravating or Relieving factors
- Is he or she experiencing too much stress or anxiety?
- Does he or she lie down right after taking a meal or sometime after it?
- Associated symptoms such as vomiting, nausea, melena, haematemesis, chest pain, cough, belching, constipation, excessive wind, etc.
- Is he or she taking any drugs at the moment? (especially NSAIDs).
- Any history of cardiac, pulmonary or renal disease?
- Any changes in the frequency, amount or color of urine?
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